Architecture of the
The Main House
“The hacienda house symbolized the dominion of the land and economic power, and equally hierarchized the distribution of the rooms: for the owners the main rooms or the second floor and for the servants the smaller rooms or the first floor, joined by peripheral corridors generally around a courtyard. This architecture of popular construction origin, built without architects and for the elite, has as generic models, types and patterns, the Spanish rural constructions, mainly Andalusian haciendas and farmhouses with strong Mudejar influence […] in the colonial period architecture of the houses obeyed an austere, imposing, simple, rigorous and effective aesthetic “
(Barney, Ramírez, 1994)
La Casona has a main body of two floors, with a perimeter corridor. On the upper floor, the family rooms and common areas are located, and on the first floor all services, storage room – pantry, office, kitchen, oratory and work staff.
The smaller sides, located to the side and side of the main body, form a Z around two patios: one for work, which includes the Trapiche and the other for the garden; In these the kitchen is located, on the southeast side and on the north-west, the rooms for the services. The main living room and kitchen are separated for safety against fire and possible fires. Later the dining room appears, which is located next to the kitchen and the pantry.
The main access is on the front, in the patio-garden and the access to the work personnel for the hacienda is through the work patio, where the sugar mill, the place for the carriages and the landowner’s office are located.
Located in the Northeast, it is an L-shaped building, one-story, made of adobe, with brick arches facing the outside and a ditch that runs through it, which moved the hydraulic mill. It was built in the SXVII.
Built in stone all around the Hacienda with covers that frame it and define its access from the East. "All these constructions were almost always joined by fences and walls that sometimes extended hundreds of meters along the adjacent paddocks, linking them with the landscape and forming complex groups of an undeniable urban character" (Barney, Ramírez, 1994).